The Watering Index is a recommended setting for wise water usage. Set your sprinkler controller's "budget adjustment" to 100% for the hottest months of the year, and a lower percentage for cooler months.
- ACRE-FOOT (AF)—A common water industry unit of measurement. An acre-foot is 325,851 gallons, or the amount of water needed to cover one acre with water one foot deep. An acre-foot serves annual needs of two typical California families.
- THE ACT—The Metropolitan Water District Act. State legislation signed into law by the governor on May 10, 1927, effective July 29, 1927. Metropolitan incorporated Dec. 6, 1928.
- ADJUDICATION—A court determination of water rights for a groundwater basin or a stream; adjudication sets priorities during shortages.
- AQUIFER—An underground geologic formation of rock, soil or sediment that is naturally saturated with water; an aquifer stores groundwater.
- CONJUNCTIVE USE—Storing imported water in a local aquifer, in conjunction with groundwater, for later retrieval and use.
- CUBIC FOOT—A frequent water industry term of measurement, as in cubic feet per second. One cubic foot (cf) equals 7.48 gallons. A cubic foot per second is 450 gallons per minute.
- DISCHARGE—the amount of water flowing past a location in a stream/river in a certain amount of time – usually expressed in liters per second or gallons per minute.
- EIR—Environmental Impact Report; a state-mandated written summary of the positive and negative effects on the environment caused by the construction and operation of a project.
- GROUNDWATER—Water that has percolated into natural, underground aquifers; water in the ground, not water puddled on the ground.
- GROUNDWATER RECHARGE/REPLENISHMENT—Pumping or percolating storm water runoff or imported water into an aquifer to replenish its supplies.
- IRP—Integrated Water Resources Plan. The district’s plan to ensure reliable water delivery to its customer member agencies despite population growth, dry spells and droughts. The IRP resources mix includes water storage, conservation, best management practices (BMPs), recycling, desalination, and groundwater recovery, among others.
- MEMBER AGENCY—One of 26 member public water providers associated with the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, from which it purchases water and on whose board it is represented.
- MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT—A public water provider governed by a locally elected board of directors, which supplies water to the public directly or through subagencies.
- RECHARGE—Replenishing an aquifer with stormwater or imported water
- RECLAIMED WATER—Wastewater that has been cleaned so that it can be reused for most purposes except drinking.
- RECYCLED—Wastewater cleaned for re-use, usually for nonpotable purposes such as irrigating landscape and refilling aquifers.
- RUNOFF—Liquid water that travels over the surface of the Earth, moving downward due to the law of gravity; runoff is one way in which water that falls as precipitation returns to the ocean.
- SURFACE RUNOFF—Water flowing along the ground into rivers, lakes and oceans.
- WATERSHED—A geographical portion of the Earth’s surface from which water drains or runs off to a single place like a river; also called a drainage area.
Do you know where your water comes from? Most of our region’s water needs (80%) are supplied from local water sources stored right under our feet, while the other part is imported from Northern California through the State Water Project. Every time you turn on your faucet or take a shower, you are tapping into a complex and safe drinking water system. Your local water comes from snow and rain that flows naturally into the San Gabriel River Watershed and filters into the Main San Gabriel Basin known as groundwater. Both local groundwater and imported water sources undergo an extensive treatment process that makes it safe for your consumer use. Upper District’s mission is to consistently meet our region’s need for reliable, high quality and affordable water.
Drinking Water Standards and Water Quality
The novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, does not impact the quality and supply of your local tap water. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 is transmitted person to person, not through water. Your water is both safe and available by turning on the tap. There is no need to stockpile water bottles, for fear of restricted water supplies. Emergency preparedness encourages a 2-week supply in the case of a major disruption in water sources; however, in this situation emergency water supplies are not a concern.
Tap water is regulated for safety by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and must meet stringent state and federal drinking water quality standards. Water treatment plants that provide water must be tested multiple times per day. Every water provider within our region and the country at large is required to provide customers with detailed water quality reports to assure EPA compliance.
In the San Gabriel Valley, your water providers monitor water quality every step of the way, from source to tap. They are committed to providing its customers with safe and reliable water. They have used several treatment techniques to eliminate pathogens, which include viruses. This ensures safe drinking water for all residents and customers.
With the coordination of local water agencies and partners – San Gabriel Basin Water Quality Authority, Main San Gabriel Basin Watermaster, and Upper San Gabriel Valley Municipal Water District – these considerable measures have been effective in providing water services that meet and exceed drinking water standards for the region.
The California State Water Resources Board warned the public to not discard “flushable” wipes, facial tissues, baby wipes, sanitation wipes, paper towels and similar products in the toilet. Only the 3p’s, pee, poo & toilet paper belong in the toilet. Wastewater treatment facilities around California may get overwhelmed and have already reported issues with their collection systems and in-home plumbing blockages.
Water Related Links and Fact Sheets
• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Water Transmission and COVID-19
• Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Coronavirus and Drinking Water
• World Health Organization (WHO) Water and Sanitation
• California Department of Public Health
• Metropolitan Water District COVID-19 and Water Supply Fact Sheet
Health and Safety Tips
In accordance with the guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during this national emergency, Upper District encourages the public to practice the following behaviors to help prevent the spread of the disease. Currently there is no vaccine; therefore, learning how the virus is transmitted and taking steps to protect yourself is important and should be adhered.
• Protect Yourself and Your Neighbor
• Practice Social Distancing – at least 6 feet
• Clean Your Hands Often – at least 20 seconds
• Cover Coughs and Sneezes with Elbow
• Do NOT Wear a Facemask if You Are Not Sick
• Disinfect and Clean Surfaces Thoroughly
• Do Not Go Into Work if You’re Experiencing Illness
• Contact your healthcare provider before seeking medical care if you’re experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 or may have been in contact with a person with COVID-19
About Upper District
Upper District’s mission is to consistently meet our region’s need for reliable, high quality and affordable water; including water conservation, recycled water, storm water capture, storage, water transfers and imported water. Upper District services nearly one million people in its 144 square mile service territory. Governed by a five-member elected board of directors, Upper District is a member agency of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. Annually, more than 78 billion gallons of water is used in Upper District’s service area. For 60 years, Upper District has been a leader in water stewardship and water conservation.